In Cambodia’s Single

Ministry of Commerce can revoke the export license if the manufacturing facility continues to violate labor legal guidelines. David Welsh, from the worldwide labor rights group Solidarity Center, said that this was one of many few points on which labor advocates and GMAC agreed. Another way in which BFC might assist improve provide chain transparency and the accountability of worldwide attire manufacturers is by reporting on the labels being produced in the factories it has visited. An official from GMAC advised Human Rights Watch that they had urged BFC to publicly report on manufacturers that source from factories that BFC monitors. Workers in subcontractor factories often expertise worse working conditions than workers in the giant export factories. Human Rights Watch was unable to acquire BFC reports to independently verify whether BFC screens accurately recognized and reflected coaching in the factories the place employees reported such practices to Human Rights Watch. Tucker additionally cited at least one recent example the place staff contacted BFC monitors and reported anti-union practices, which BFC monitors adopted-up by way of house visits and then negotiated with the factory to have the workers reinstated.

Such measures should embody requiring worldwide apparel manufacturers to disclose the names of their suppliers and subcontractors. The fundamental principle that businesses have a accountability to respect employee rights has acquired widespread worldwide recognition. States are free to prescribe legal formalities for establishing unions, but they cannot abuse this freedom by prescribing formalities that impair basic labor rights guarantees. Where the employer must terminate staff due to reasons of “economic, technological, structural or related nature,” these ought to be made in accordance with pre-defined standards that factor in the curiosity of the employees in addition to the factory. Cambodia’s Arbitration Council has instead held that pregnant women workers have the onus of proving such discrimination. Similarly, in September 2014, Adidas representatives informed Human Rights Watch that they had purchased BFC stories for their suppliers where latest ones were available and coincided with their auditing cycles. Adidas representatives told Human Rights Watch that they were reexamining their monitoring mechanism to extend buy of BFC reports to licensee factories and to buy more BFC manufacturing unit monitoring reviews in general.

Human Rights Watch group interview with eleven staff, manufacturing unit forty three, Phnom Penh, April 1, 2014. Human Rights Watch group interviews with three workers, manufacturing facility 36; 5 staff, manufacturing facility 38, Phnom Penh, November 28, 2013.

Cambodia: Pm’s Threats Against Women Facebook Users Irresponsible And Dangerous

Human Rights Watch group interviews with three staff, manufacturing facility 36; three workers, factory 29; two staff, manufacturing unit 28; 5 workers, manufacturing unit 38, two staff, manufacturing unit 37, Phnom Penh, November 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with six workers, factory 33, Phnom Penh, November 30, 2013.

Human Rights Watch group interview with Lay Thida and 5 different staff, manufacturing unit 5, Kandal province, November 23, 2013. Workers from factory 5 reported comparable threats to staff, forcing them to work. Human Rights Watch interview with Kong Chantha , factory 9, Phnom Penh, November 30, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with three staff, manufacturing facility 32, Phnom Penh, November 30, 2013.

Enhancing Better Factories Cambodia

Human Rights Watch interview with Khum Rachana and nine different workers, manufacturing facility 60, Phnom Penh, December 7, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with three staff, manufacturing unit 49, Kampong Speu, December 1, 2013. Human Rights Watch interviews and group interviews with staff from factories 1, 3, 7, 9, 21, 32, 34, forty, forty three, 46, 49, fifty one, 60, and 68, Phnom Penh and different provinces, November and December 2013, and April 2014. Human Rights Watch group interview with 12 staff, factory 21, Phnom Penh, April 2, 2014. Human Rights Watch group interview with Chhau San and eight other staff, manufacturing unit 15, location withheld, November 24, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with That Senai and eight different employees, factory code withheld, Phnom Penh, November 29, 2013.

And “flexible” Labor Arrangements

Human Rights Watch interviews and group interviews with staff from factories four, 19, 20, 29, 31, and 66, Phnom Penh and other provinces, November and December 2013, and April 2014. The newest BFC synthesis report states the discrimination in opposition to male staff has turn out to be an increasing downside. Human Rights Watch group interview with 12 male workers, factory 4, location withheld, November 20, 2013. Human Rights Watch interviews and group interviews with workers from factories 1, 2, three, 4, 5, 9, 15, 19, 21, 26, 27, 31, 32, 35, 37, forty one, 44, forty nine, 50, fifty three, 55, fifty six, 60, sixty one, sixty four, Phnom Penh, Kandal, and Kampong Speu provinces, November and December 2013, and April 2014. Human Rights Watch interviews with eleven labor rights activists and lawyers in Cambodia, Phnom Penh, November and December 2013.

Empowering Women & Girls Of Cambodia

Human Rights Watch group interview with 9 employees, manufacturing facility 15, location withheld, November 24, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with Nov Aem and four other staff, factory forty, Phnom Penh, December 6, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with seven workers, factory cambodian brides 57, location withheld, December three, 2014; group interview with six employees, manufacturing facility 58, location withheld, December four, 2013. For example, Human Rights Watch group interviews with workers from factories three, 15, 30, 60, Phnom Penh and Kandal provinces, November and December 2013.

Human Rights Watch group interview with 9 staff, factory code withheld to protect employees, Phnom Penh, November 29, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interview with workers from factories 18, 57, and 66, Phnom Penh and one other undisclosed location, November and December 2013, and April 2014. Human Rights Watch group interview with 10 staff, manufacturing unit 60, Phnom Penh, December 7, 2013. Human Rights Watch group interviews with employees from factories 15, fifty seven, and 60, Phnom Penh and different undisclosed locations, November and December 2013.

Group Treatment Of Traumatized Cambodian Women: A Culture

Human Rights Watch group interview with Heng Sonita and Sok Chanthy , manufacturing unit 27, Phnom Penh, November 24, 2013. Heng Sonita and Sok Chanthy described that they usually did additional time work until 9 p.m. and staff were solely allowed a break if they had been so exhausted that they felt faint. Human Rights Watch received anecdotal testament of employee faintings due to poor vitamin and exhaustion. Human Rights Watch group interview with Cheoun Thea from manufacturing facility 19; Kum Chanthy from factory 20, Phnom Penh, December 5, 2013; workers from manufacturing facility fifty seven, location withheld, December three, 2014. Human Rights Watch interview with Puoch Sopheap , manufacturing unit 16, November sixteen, 2013.